Radiation sources and what to do in case of Emergency

What are the Sources of radiation?

Radiation is the energy launched from atoms as either a wave or a tiny particle of matter. Radiation illness is caused by exposure to a high dose of radiation, such as a high dose of radiation received throughout a commercial mishap. Typical direct exposures to low-dose radiation, such as X-ray examinations, don’t cause radiation sickness.

Sources of high-dose radiation. Possible sources of high-dose radiation consist of the following:

  • An accident at a nuclear industrial center.
  • An attack on a commercial nuclear center.
  • Detonation of a small radioactive device.
  • Detonation of a standard explosive gadget that distributes radioactive material (dirty bomb).
  • Detonation of a primary nuclear weapon.
  • Radiation illness happens when high-energy radiation damages or ruins specific cells in your body. Areas of the body most susceptible to high-energy radiation are cells in the lining of your intestinal tract, including your stomach, and the blood cell-producing cells of bone marrow.
Radiation direct exposure that triggers immediate radiation sickness significantly increases a person’s threat of developing leukemia or cancer later in life. Having radiation sickness might also add to both short-term and long-lasting psychological health problems, such as grief, fear, and stress and anxiety about:
  • Experiencing a radioactive accident or attack.
  • Mourning pals or family who have not endured.
  • Dealing with the uncertainty of a mystical and potentially fatal illness.
  • Worrying about the future risk of cancer due to direct radiation exposure.
  • Prevention.

In case of a radiation emergency situation, remain tuned to your radio or television to hear precisely what protective actions local, state and federal authorities recommend. Suggested activities will depend upon the scenario. However, you will be told to either remain in location or leave your area.

If you’re advised to remain where you are, whether you’re at home or work or elsewhere, do the following:

  • Close and lock all doors and windows.
  • Switch off fans, a/c and heating units that bring air in from outside.
  • Close fireplace dampers.
  • Bring pets inside.
  • Relocate to an inner room or basement.
  • Stay tuned to your emergency reaction network or local news.
  • Leave.

If you’re advised to evacuate, follow the guidelines supplied by your local authorities. Try to stay calm and move quickly and in an orderly way. Also, travel gently, but take products, including:

  • Flashlight.
  • Portable radio.
  • Batteries.
  • First-aid package.
  • Needed medications.
  • Sealed food, such as canned foods, and mineral water.
  • Manual can opener.
  • Money and credit cards.
  • Additional clothing.

Be aware that many emergency cars and shelters will not accept animals. Take them only if you’re driving your very own car and going someplace aside from a shelter.